Wonders of World Aviation

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Part 1

Part 1 of Wonders of World Aviation was published on Tuesday 8th March 1938, price 7d.

It was a normal issue of 32, not 36 pages, unlike the other series. This part included a superb folding colour plate showing a cutaway drawing of the Short-Mayo Composite Aircraft which accompanied an article on the Short-Mayo Aircraft. There was also a central photogravure supplement illustrating the article on Parachute Landings. All these are illustrated below.

Part 1 of Wonders of World Aviation

The Cover

The cover shows an unidentified aircraft propeller and engine.

Contents of Part 1


“Filling the World With Amazement”

How an Aeroplane Flies

Parachute Landings

Parachute Landings

(photogravure supplement)

Parachute Landings

Photogravure Supplement

HOW THE EARTH LOOKS to the parachutist after the canopy has opened. This remarkable photograph was taken with an automatic camera fixed inside the parachute. At one time it was thought that a man falling or diving from a great height was incapable of thought or action after he had fallen several hundred feet. This was disproved, however, by Leslie Irvin, an experienced high diver. He maintained that if a diver could control his body during a dive of less than 100 feet, it should be possible for a parachutist to control mind and muscle while jumping or diving from a height of several thousand feet. Irvin put his theories into practice in an experimental dive in 1919, when he became the first man to open a parachute while falling.

Parachute Landings: Photogravure Supplement

AFTER THE PARACHUTE HAS OPENED. The process of opening is so rapid that it is impossible to see it with the eye. It has been filmed with a slow-motion camera, and the film showed that the air in the upper part causes the canopy to open from the apex to the periphery. A parachute lands with the wind, and therefore the parachutist must face the wind so that he can watch his descent. If he is drifting backwards he turns the parachute. To do this he tugs the shrouds to pull down the edge of the canopy in the direction in which he wants to turn. He then grasps the shrouds on the opposite side and, without pulling down, gives the parachute a twist in the desired direction, turning it at the same time.

Parachute Landings:

Photogravure Supplement

PARACHUTE DRILL in the Russian Army. This photograph shows some 100 parachute jumpers in the air at the same time. Others who have landed have unbuckled their harnesses and folded the parachutes. In many parts of the USSR parachute jumping is a popular sport, and the public is provided with parachute towers for training purposes.

HOW THE EARTH LOOKS to the parachutist after the canopy has openedAFTER THE PARACHUTE HAS OPENEDAFTER THE PARACHUTE HAS OPENEDsome 100 parachute jumpers in the air at the same timeThe Short-Mayo composite aircraftThe Short-Mayo composite aircraft

Contents of Part 1

Moving Wing Flight

The Short-Mayo Aircraft

The Short-Mayo Composite Aircraft (colour plate)

The Short-Mayo Composite Aircraft

The Short-Mayo composite aircraft. During the take-off, the two pilots are in telephonic communication with one another.

The key to the numbering is:

1. Navigation lights; 2. Ailerons;

3. Petrol tank; 4. 340 hp Napier-Halford Rapier engines; 5. Oil coolers;

6. Wooden airscrews; 7. Radio operator; 8. Captains; 9. Landing lights; 10. Hull; 11. Floats; 12. Elevators; 1

3. Tail planes; 14. Rudders; 15. Fins; 16. Mail hold; 17. Trailing aerial winch; 18. Releasing lever (Mercury); 19. First officer; 20. Mail, freight and baggage hold; 21. Lavatory; registration markings; 23. Carburettor air intakes; 24. 915 hp Bristol Pegasus engines;

25. Float struts; 26. Locking and releasing gear; 27. Masthead lights and airspeed indicators; 28. Retracted direction-finding and homing aerial;

29. Ventilators; 30. Controllable pitch airscrews.

Contents of Part 1

Into the Stratosphere

(Part 1)